Analysis of Key Propellants Affecting the Formation of Smart Rural Development in Iran


  • Aliakbar Anabestani Professor in Geography and Rural Planning
  • Roghayeh Kalateh Meymari MSc. in Geography and Rural Planning


Smart development is a sustainable development which can be obtained through increasing the use of innovation, knowledge, and learning. Promoting smart rural development requires policies to facilitate innovation, knowledge, and learning in the rural context. However, applying the concept of smart development into rural areas may be more complex. Smart development is not a concept of one size to fit all, but its application in rural areas requires the incorporation of various initiatives with widespread management. The present study was designed to analyze the key propellants affecting the formation of smart rural development in Jovein. For this purpose, the recent study was designed to determine the key propellants affecting the smart rural development; the indices were merged in pairs, converted into three indices, and the MICMAC quantitative model was used. The results of the study indicate that, based on the results of the MICMAC quantitative model the two following indices have been identified as key propellants in formation of smart rural development: (a) increasing people with higher education and tendency to stay in the village with a +5 direct impact and a +2567 indirect impact; and (b) creating interactive industrial activities such as tourism, food, and cultural production with direct impact of +3 and the indirect impact of +2269. Keywords: Sustainable development, key propellants, futurology, rural settlements, Iran

Author Biography

Aliakbar Anabestani, Professor in Geography and Rural Planning

Department of Geography, Faculty of Letters & Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.